Siberian Ginseng (Eleutherococcus Senticosus), is a small woody shrub with berries that look like blackberries. Native to Northeastern Asia, it belongs to the Araliaceae plant family.
Eleutherococcus Senticosus has been identified as an adaptogen, a source of potent stress-fighting compounds. Its main active, phlorizin, has been found to fight skin aging through several mechanisms. One way it does this is by improving the thickness of the epidermis, providing direct protection effect against external aggressors. It also acts as an antioxidant, reducing the overproduction of ROS (reactive oxygen species) and protecting skin against UVB-induced skin damage.
Finally, it improves the ability of the epidermis to self-renew and regenerate by increasing the expression of mRNA, which acts as a crucial cell messenger, and improving the synthesis of type IV collagen, involved in the youthfulness and elasticity of the epidermis.
Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, January 2016, pages 1-8
International journal of molecular sciences, October 2018, page 3349